EV Charging

Ultimate Guide on EV Charging

What's the concern of owning electric cars?

All governments are promoting the Electric Vehicle industry through initiatives and regulations because of its low-emission compare to the fossil fuel-driven vehicles. There are still concerns on the drawbacks of buying electric cars.

Why people don’t buy electric cars? How to encourage the conversion to EVs and address these concerns?

38% of Americans state their major concern is Upfront Costs and Range Anxiety – followed by a lack of Charging Infrastructures (24%) and Battery Life (12%). Considering government Rebates, Tax Credits & Long-run saving on EVs, the biggest concern is Charging after all.

Actually, an actual EV owner rarely thinks about recharging, because EV charging is really simple, cost-effective and convenient. With a home EV charger, you can effortlessly charge your car while you sleep. Additionally, with the right charger adapters, you can charge on the road or any public charging stations.

Electric Car Is The Future. By 2025, electric vehicle sales could comprise up to 20% of new car sales. By 2030, EV sales could go up to 40%. By 2040, it could account for nearly all new car sales.

The EV world is versatile – and evolving!

Charging EV at home

Charging at Home

Most EV owners refill their electric car at home. As long as you've got a garage, driveway or any spot to install a Home EV charger. Learn what it takes to charge at home, how to choose and install home charging stations?

Charging on the road

Charging on the Go

Everything you need to know about charging on the road. How and where to charge an Electric Vehicle on a road trip? Can I charge my EV at any charging station? How long does it take? How much?

Electric Car Charging Guide

Learn the basics of EV charging, including Level 1 / Level 2 EV charging, DC fast charging, as well as different charger adapter and connector types. Get equipped with the knowledge you need to charge your EV hassle-free.

level 1 EV charging

Level 1 Charger

Good for: Plug-in hybrid EV on a short trip and overnight charging.
Miles/charge time: 2-5 miles of range per hour.
Voltage: 110V
No installation required, a Level 1 charger can be directly plugged into standard household outlet.

level 2 EV charging

Level 2 Charger

Good for: A full charge overnight (8-10 hours)
Miles/charge time: 10-30 miles of range per hour.
Voltage: 240V
Level 2 Charger has to be purchased and installed by a qualified electrician, can be either hardwired or plugged into an existing 240-volt outlet.

dc fast charging stations

DC Fast Charger

Good for: Fast charging in 30-60 minutes.
Miles/charge time: 250 miles of range per hour.
Voltage: 480V-500V
Typically charge 80% capacity in less than 30 minutes. Used to facilitate longer distance driving or road trips for a quick recharge.

EV Charging Standards

Level 1 EV Charging

Level 1 charging is the slowest method as it uses a standard 120-Volt outlet. Level 1 charger provides 2 to 5 miles of range per hour of recharging. So, for a typical EV with 200 miles range, it could take approximately 40 hours from empty to full. The cost is generally similar to your regular electricity rate.

Level 2 EV Charging

Level 2 charging requires a dedicated charging station and offers faster charging speeds compared to Level 1. Check considerations for home charging. With Level 2 charger, a typical EV can be fully charged in 4 to 8 hours, depending on the battery capacity and the charging station’s power output. Explore the benefits, installation requirements, and charging equipment options for Level 2 charging at home or public charging stations.

DC Fast Charging

DC fast charging provides the fastest charging rates and is commonly found in public charging stations. It can typically provide 60 to 80 miles of range in around 20 to 30 minutes of charging. However, the charging rate may slow down as the battery reaches a higher state of charge to protect battery health. Learn about the charging infrastructure, charging speeds, and compatibility with specific EV models.

EV Charging Basics for New EV Owners

EV charging connector types

Learn More about
EV Connectors

Before charging an electric vehicle (EV), it’s essential to understand a few key aspects to ensure a smooth and safe charging experience.

1. EV Charging Level

Understand voltage level standards based on charging speed and power. Each standard has its own connector type and charging protocol, such as CHAdeMO, CCS, GB/T and Tesla Supercharger.

  • Level 1 charging. The easiest and slowest charging method. Level 1 chargers can be plugged into a standard 120-volt AC power. 5 miles range per charging hour.
  • Level 2 charging station can either be plugged into three-pronged NEMA 14-50 outlets typically used for RVs, blender, ovens, and other major home appliances.
  • Level 3 charging – DC Fast Charger / Superchargers provide DC power directly to the battery, significantly increased charging speed.

2. EV Charger Types

EV Charging Connector Types

EVs can have different connector types depending on vary region and charging standard. Common connector types include Type 1 (J1772), Type 2 (Mennekes), CHAdeMO, CCS Combo, and Tesla connectors. Make sure you aware which connector type your EV uses and which charging stations are equipped with compatible connector types.

EV Charger Adapter (Tesla And Non-Tesla Charging Adapters)

Want to connect your EV to different charging stations with proper EV charging adapters. Make sure you have the necessary adapters / converters to match connector types. For example, if your EV uses a Type 1 (J1772) connector, you’ll need an Type 2 (Mennekes) adapter to recharging.

3. Charging Etiquette and Best Practices

Charging Station

Before planning to charge on the road or charging your EV at work, ensure the charging station you tend to use is compatible with your EV’s charging standards and connector type. Most public charging stations provide info on supported connector types of different EV models and charging speeds.

Charging Speeds

Understand the charging speeds associated with different charging levels. Level 1 charging uses a standard 120-volt household outlet and is relatively slow (20+hours), while Level 2 charging utilizes a 240-volt outlet and provides faster charging (4-8 hours). Level 3 DC fast charging (30-60 minutes) offers rapid charging for quick top-ups.

Charging Etiquette

Be mindful of charging station etiquette, especially when using public charging stations. Avoid parking at a charging spot for longer than necessary, as it may prevent other EV owners from accessing the station. Respect any time limits or fees associated with the charging station and always leave the spot available for other users.

Charging Network Apps and Tools

Explore smartphone apps and online tools designed to help you locate nearby charging stations, check their availability, and monitor charging sessions.

By familiarizing yourself with these factors, you can ensure a seamless charging experience and make the most of the available charging infrastructure for your EV. Remember to consult your vehicle’s manual or contact the manufacturer for specific charging guidelines and recommendations.