EV Charger Plugs

EV Charging Connector Types

EV Charger Types

When it comes to EV charger types, they can be categorized based on regions or charging level standards. Below complete guide helps EV owners to identify the appropriate charger plug types. It ensures compatibility and allows for convenient charging experiences, whether at home, on the road, or in different regions.

EV Charging Plug Types by Region:

North America: Type 1 (SAE J1772 & CCS1) – Commonly used in North America and Japan for AC & DC charging.
Europe: Type 2 Mennekes & CCS2 – Widely used in European countries for AC & DC charging.
Japan and Korea: J1772 & CHAdeMO – Primarily used by Japanese and Korean automakers for AC & DC fast charging.
China: GB/T Connector – The national standard in China for both AC & DC charging.
Tesla: Tesla Connector – Tesla vehicles use a unique connector designed specifically for their charging network.

types of ev charging plugs
EV connector

EV Charging Types by Levels:

Level 1 Charging: Typically uses a household standard outlet (120V) and provides a slower charging speed.
Level 2 Charging: Utilizes higher voltage (240V) and offers faster charging compared to Level 1 charger. It is suitable for home charging stations, workplaces, and public charging networks.
Level 1 & 2 Charger Connector include: Type 1, Type 2, CHAdeMO (with an adapter), CCS (with an adapter), GB/T (in China), and Tesla (with an adapter).
DC Fast Charging (Level 3): Enables rapid charging by providing a high-power DC current directly to the vehicle’s battery.
DCFC Connectors include CHAdeMO, CCS, and Tesla Supercharger (Tesla-specific).

Types of EV Charging Stations Speed

Different plug in EV charger types result in different charging speeds by vehicle socket and the power rating (speed) of the charge-point.

AC – Alternating Current

Typically used for top-up charging at home, work and destinations, there are two types of AC vehicle-side connectors, such as J1772 or Type 2, are typically used for AC charging at lower power levels.

* Approximately 80% of EV drivers choose to buy portable EV charger or adapter that corresponds to their vehicle’s Type 1 or Type 2 socket. So they can charge their EVs at any public charging station network for extra flexibility and convenience.

AC charger connector type

Typical Power Ratings

Approx range per hour charging

Features

Type 1

3.7kW – 16A

12.5 miles

5-pins.
Standard US connector.
No locking mechanism.
Single phase only.

7kW – 32A

25 miles

Type 2

3.7kW – 16A (single-phase)

12.5 miles

7-pins.
Universal EU connector fits to all standard charge point sockets.
Inbuilt locking mechanism.
Can carry three phase power.
Similar to wall plug for smart phone charging.

7.2kW – 32A (single-phase)

25 miles

11kW – 16A (three-phase)

35 miles

22kW – 32A (three-phase)

75 miles

DC – Direct Current

Typically used for en route rapid charging, there are three types of DC car-side connectors. CHAdeMO, CCS1 or CCS2, are specifically designed for high-power DC fast charging, allowing for rapid charging speeds.

* DC fast charging can charge a fully electric EV up to 80% in 30 minutes, making it ideal for highway and interstate applications. To protect the battery, rapid chargers do not consistently charge at their maximum power rating. 

DC connector type

Typical Power Ratings

Approx range per 30 mins charging

Features

CHAdeMO

50kW

75 miles

Original DC connector

100kW

150 miles

Combined Charging System (CCS)

50kW

75 miles

High power
Neat arrangement with 2 x ‘Type 2’ pins
Standard EU rapid charging connector

150kW

225 miles

350kW

525 miles

Type 2

150kW

225 miles

Only Tesla Superchargers provide DC via a Type 2 connector

250kW

375 miles

EV Charging Plug Types

EV charging connector types are vary significantly by country, EV models, and charging stations. There is no universal connector that fits all EVs.

It is crucial to know the differences between EV connectors, sockets, and plugs used by worldwide electric car manufacturer.

Furthermore, different charging station levels such as Level 2 and Level 3(DC fast charging), require specific EV connectors or charging adapter to ensure the safety and efficiency of charging.

ev charging plug

*EV Plug Types .jpg

Type 1 Connector - SAE J1772

In North America, almost all-electric vehicles use the J1772 plug for Level 1 (120 volt) and Level 2 (240 volt) charging, except Tesla. Type 1 connector features a 5-pin configuration and is compatible with most electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles.

J1772 charger is designed for single-phase AC charging for Level 1 and Level 2 EV chargers. Every level 1 or level 2 charging station available today uses the J1772 connector, except those made by Tesla. The drawback of the SAE J1772 plug is that it does not have automatic locking mechanism features found in the Type 2 (Mennekes) connector used in Europe.

j1772 charger
EV Connector TypeSAE J1772 (Type 1)
Output Current TypeAC (Alternate Current)
Supply Input120 Volts or 208/240 Volts(Single-phase only)
Maximum Output Current16 Amps(120 Volts)80 Amps(208/240 Volts)
Maximum Output Power1.92 kW(120 Volts) 19.2 kW (208/240 Volts)
EV Charging Level(s)Level 1, Level 2
Primary CountriesUSA, Canada, Japan

Type 2 Connector - MENNEKES

Type 2 connector, also known as the Mennekes plug, is widely used in Europe. It offers a 7-pin configuration and supports both single-phase and three-phase AC charging for Level 2 charger, making it versatile for various charging speeds and power levels.

mennekes plug
EV Connector TypeMennekes(Type2)
Output Current TypeAC(Alternate Current)
Supply Input230 Volts(Single-Phase)or 400 Volts(three-phase
Maximum Output Current32 Amps(230 Volts) 32 Amps(400 Volts)
Maximum Output Power7.6 kW (230 Volts) 22 kW (400 Volts)
EV Charging Level(s)Level 2
Primary CountriesEurope, United Kingdom,Middle EastAfrica,Australia

CCS1 Connector - Type 1

ccs1 connector

CCS2 Connector - Type 2

ccs2 connector

CCS (Combined Charging System) connector provides both AC and DC charging

CCS Combo 1 is a widely adopted DC fast-charging standard in North America. The CCS Type 1 connector combos SAE J1772 charging inlet, and two additional DC pins below.

CCS 2 is enhanced version of type 2 plug with two power contacts for DC fast charging, allows charging speed up to 350 kW. 

EV Connector TypeCCS 1 / CCS 2
Output Current TypeDC (Direct Current) / 400-480 Volts(three-phase)
Maximum Output Current / Power500 Amps / 360 kw
Maximum Output Voltage1000 Volts DC
EV Charging Level(s)Level 3 (DC fast charging)
CCS 1 Primary CountriesUSA, Canada, South Korea
CCS 2 Primary CountriesEurope, United Kingdom, Middle East, Africa, Australia

CHAdeMO Connector

CHAdeMO connector is a fast-charging DC connector primarily used by Japanese and Korean automakers. It enables high-power charging for quick battery replenishment. It’s different in North America, where the only manufacturers currently selling electric vehicles that use the CHAdeMO connector are Nissan, Mitsubishi, Kia, Fuji, and Toyota.

chademo connector
EV Connector TypeCHAdeMO
Output Current TypeDC (Direct Current)
Supply Input400 Volts(three-phase)
Maximum Output Current400 Amps
Maximum Output Power400 kW
EV Charging Level(s)Level 3 (DC fast charging)
Primary CountriesJapan (older model EVs in use globally)

GB/T Connector - AC

GBT AC plug

GB/T Connector - DC

GBT DC Charger connector

In China, which has the world’s largest electric vehicle manufacturer and market uses GB/T for EV charging. It is national standard used by Chinese automakers like BYD. The GB/T connector allows for both AC and DC charging, and it supports various charging speeds.

The GB/T connector shares a similar appearance to the Mennekes plug commonly used in Europe. However, it is important to note that the GB/T plug has a different cable order configuration inside the connector, making it incompatible with the Mennekes plug.

Tesla Connector

Tesla vehicles use a unique connector specifically designed for their charging network. And Tesla uses the same connector for AC level 1 & level 2 and DC fast charge. Tesla Supercharger stations are equipped with Tesla-specific connectors, but EV charger adapters are available for compatibility with other charging station networks.

* Tesla DC fast chargers, known as Superchargers, are specifically designed for Tesla vehicles. These charging stations are installed and maintained by Tesla, exclusively available to Tesla customers. Even with an adapter cable, charging a non-Tesla EV at a Tesla Supercharger station is not possible. This is due to an authentication process that verifies the vehicle as a Tesla before granting access to the power.

tesla nacs connector
EV Connector TypeTesla NACS
Output Current TypeAC/DC
Supply InputSingle or three-phase
Maximum Output Current48 Amps(AC) 400 Amps(DC)
Maximum Output Power250 kW
EV Charging Level(s)Level 2 / Level 3
Primary CountriesUSA, Canada

* Tesla’s NACS EV charging connector socket and plug for AC & DC

Choose the Right EV Charger Types

  • Identify the connector type of your EV supports by referring to the owner’s manual or consulting the manufacturer’s specifications.
  • Consider the charging infrastructure in your area, including the availability of different connector types at public charging stations or in your desired charging network.
  • If you frequently travel long distances, consider a charging adapter that allow your vehicle to charge at various charging networks, enjoying flexibility and convenience.

EV Connector Summary

Understanding EV charging plug / connector types is crucial for new EV owners, what is Type 1, Type 2, CHAdeMO, CCS, Tesla, and GB/T standard. By familiarizing yourself with various connector / plug options, you can confidently choose the right plug or charger adapter for your charging needs. Ensure compatibility and enjoy a seamless charging experience wherever your EV takes you.

  • There are 4 types of EV connector plugs, 2 for AC charging ( J1772 and Type 2) and 2 for DC charging (CHAdeMO and CCS).
  • J1772 (Type 1) is commonly used in American vehicles and features a single-phase plug, enabling charging speeds of up to 7.4 kW.
  • Type 2 is the standard plug for European and Asian vehicles. It is a triple-phase plug, capable of charging at levels of up to 43 kW.
  • CCS is an enhanced version of Type 1 & Type 2, incorporating two additional power contacts allows for fast charging capabilities.
  • CHAdeMO is commonly found in Japan vehicles and offers DC charging.